Tobacco Insect Scouting Report, July 31 2015

— Written By Jeremy Slone and last updated by Carol Hicks
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Similar to recent weeks, we are still in a bit of a midsummer lull for pest pressure. However, we still have weeks to go, and a lot can change in that time. Below are a few points of interest from the week.

aphids on tobacco leaf

Heavy aphid infestation on a leaf. Photo: Jeremy Slone

Although we haven’t seen aphids at any of our on-farm sites, we are seeing heavy infestations at the Oxford Tobacco Research Station. Our project there focuses on tobacco production for use in biofuel manufacture, and this week we had to made a foliar treatment of Admire Pro to help control these aphids. The active ingredients used on hornworms and budworms are not as effective for aphids, so selecting the proper chemical for treatment is very important.

first priming

First Priming. Photo: Jeremy Slone

Several sites have already started harvesting and are done with the first priming. We collect leaves by hand from 100 plants throughout the field to measure differences in green leaf weight between our IPM and standard fields. The goal is to see if fewer pesticide applications, characteristic of an IPM program, will have an effect on yield. We also collect samples to determine differences in pesticide residues.

plant disease

Plant disease. Photo: Jeremy Slone

Lastly, I wanted to show an image of potentially diseased plants. It may be important for a grower to investigate what pathogens are present in the field now to help with identification or plant rotation schedules in the future. Better, more detailed information on a given field and it’s history can help to plan rotations such that pest pressure and disease can be limited as much as possible. This may also help to reduce the need for preventative or remedial chemical treatments.

Eastern 1

Scouting Report, Eastern 1 – Grower Standard Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 1.12 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 6% infested – No treatment  12% – Req treatment 0 – No treatment  

Scouting Report, Eastern 1 – IPM Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.87  flea beetles/plant– No treatment 6% infested – No treatment  6% – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Eastern 2

Scouting Report, Eastern 2 – Grower Standard Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.18 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment  0 – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Scouting Report, Eastern 2 – IPM Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.26 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment  0 – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Eastern 3

Scouting Report, Eastern 3 – Grower Standard Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.96 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment  10% – Req treatment 0 – No treatment  

Scouting Report, Eastern 3 – IPM Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 1.12 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment  0% – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

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Piedmont 1

Scouting Report, Piedmont 1 – Grower Standard Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 1.3 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment  0 – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Scouting Report, Piedmont 1 – IPM Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 3.2 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment 4% – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Piedmont 2

Scouting Report, Piedmont 2 – Grower Standard Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.64 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 4% infested – No treatment 8% – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Scouting Report, Piedmont 2 – IPM Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.44 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 4% infested – No treatment  2%  – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

Piedmont 3

Scouting Report, Piedmont 3– Grower Standard Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.32 flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment 2% – No treatment 0 – No treatment

Scouting Report, Piedmont 3 – IPM Field

Insect observation No. aphid infested plants Flea beetles  per plant Percent tobacco budworm infested plants Hornworms per plant Percent cutworm damaged plants Other insects
Treatment needed? 0 – No treatment 0.67  flea beetles/plant– No treatment 0% infested – No treatment  3% – No treatment 0 – No treatment  

More information

Tobacco insect scouting methods – Tobacco Growers Information Portal

Previous scouting reports – Tobacco pest information