From the Field-Agronomy Notes: Vol. 2, Num. 1

— Written By

February 7th, 2017-

After a lot of positive feedback, From the Field-Agronomy Notes are back for 2017. Like last year, we hope to provide timely posts that relate to current issues faced by North Carolina tobacco producers. Be sure to check back with us on a weekly basis for all the latest news!

For some producers variety selection is just a dot in the rear view mirror at this point; however, it is likely that some are still on the fence.  For those that find themselves combing through OVT data, you might consider taking a look at the some of the tables embedded in this post. In brief, we’ve taken a rather large set of data and attempted to condense it into something a little easier to digest.  Table 1 presents information that was shared at each GAP meeting this winter–varieties with above average value based on the three year OVT averages.  As was mentioned at each GAP meeting, this table has the quick hitting, down and dirty information needed to make an informed variety selection.

Table 1. Above Average Crop Value of Selected Varieties-Three Year OVT Average
Variety Yield Value Price Quality BS GW TMV
lb/a $/a $/cwt
NC 196 3,219 5,834 181.34 87 13 28 S
CC 143 3,125 5,585 178.25 85 8 24 S
CC 35 3,319 5,580 168.61 81 23 49 S
NC 938 3,217 5,561 172.64 83 S
PVH 2254 3,206 5,513 171.77 82
K 326 3,133 5,504 175.34 84 24 40 S
CC 33 3,007 5,431 180.27 86 10 22 S
GF 318 3,114 5,401 173.04 83 17 31 S
CC 27 3,029 5,398 177.21 85 34 20 R
PVH 2110 3,123 5,378 171.70 82 19 38 S
NC 299 3,026 5,350 176.71 84 27 27 S
PVH 2310 2,954 5,322 180.23 86
CU 159 3,017 5,296 175.46 84
CC 13 2,972 5,291 177.20 85 20 29 S
PVH 1118 3,038 5,291 174.17 84 11 35 S
CC 1063 2,939 5,264 179.33 86 12 19 S
CU 144 3,098 5,250 168.94 81
Test Average 2,994 5,225 174.51 84
*Quality assigned on a scale of 1-100, with 100 having the highest quality
**BS=Black Shank, GW=Granville Wilt; the lower the index the greater the resistance
***TMV=Tobacco Mosaic Virus, S=Susceptible, R=Resistant

The second item to consider is new varieties. As a disclaimer, we prefer that tobacco producers try new varieties on a limited basis to ensure that those varieties mesh with their management styles.  The preliminary data from 2017 releases look very good so far, so proceed with a cautious but open mind!  Table 2 contains the specifics for the three varieties that will be released.  Both PVH varieties will be offered by Rickard Seed Company, while NC 938 will be offered by Cross Creek Seed, Gold Leaf Seed, and Rickard Seed.

Table 2. New Flue-Cured Tobacco Variety Releases for 2017
Variety Yield Quality Value  Maturity BS GW TMV
lb/a $/a
K 326 3,133 84 5,504 Late 24 40 S
NC 196 3,219 87 5,834 Late 23 28 S
PVH 1600 2,946 83 5,106 Mod. High R
PVH 2254 3,206 82 5,513 Low High S
NC 938 3,217 83 5,561 Mid to Late High Mod. S
*Quality assigned on a scale of 1-100, with 100 having the highest quality
**BS=Black Shank, GW=Granville Wilt; the lower the index the greater the resistance
***TMV=Tobacco Mosaic Virus, S=Susceptible, R=Resistant
****Disease resistance information for PVH varieties provided by Rickard Seed Company

So, that’s a [brief] overview of flue-cured varieties and some of the options for 2017.  Remember that as selections are made factors such as disease pressure, yield potential, leaf quality, total acreage, and curing capacity need to be considered.  As tobacco farms become larger, it stands to reason that having 100% of the acreage planted to a single variety will no longer become common practice, specifically as growers strive to produce the specific styles of leaf desired by different buying entities.

Be sure to check back next week as we begin to discuss the basics of greenhouse management!

Written By

Photo of Dr. Matthew VannDr. Matthew VannAssistant Professor & Tobacco Extension Specialist (919) 513-0904 matthew_vann@ncsu.eduCrop and Soil Sciences - NC State University
Posted on Feb 8, 2017
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